Using Paraphrases Essays - Chatterson Farms

If you find that you can't do A or B, this may mean that you don't understand the passage completely or that you need to use a more structured process until you have more experience in paraphrasing. The method below is not only a way to create a paraphrase but also a way to understand a difficult text. Consider the following passage from Love and Toil (a book on motherhood in London from 1870 to 1918), in which the author, Ellen Ross, puts forth one of her major arguments:

Love and Toil maintains that family survival was the mother's main charge among the large majority of London?s population who were poor or working class; the emotional and intellectual nurture of her child or children and even their actual comfort were forced into the background.

Using Quotations, Paraphrases and Summaries in Essays

Using Quotations, Paraphrases and Summaries in Essays 1

Learn how to paraphrase correctly

As I wrote this warrant, I looked at two things: the claim I am making and the piece of evidence I am using to support that claim. In fact, my eyes were darting back and forth between the two statements as I was writing the warrant. With the warrant, I try to bring together the claim and evidence, demonstrating to readers how and why the evidence logically supports the claim. In this case, I have even used in my warrant a few words from the claim and from the evidence to help clarify the relationship. In the warrant, I use the word "preoccupied," recalling my claim, and the word "commerce," recalling the evidence. Notice as well that the phrase "how [people] are living" from my warrant recalls an important phrase from my claim, "what is important in life," and an important phrase from my evidence, "'whether we should live like baboons or like men." With the warrant, I should not simply paraphrase the claim or the evidence but instead demonstrate how the evidence supports the claim.

Paraphrasing Samples Here are several examples of paraphrases

Student A is the writer of the better paraphrase. They...
removed or replaced unusual (and possibly distracting) words
reduced the content of the paraphrase to keep it as simple as possible
expressed the main idea concisely
reformulated the main ideas in their own words
used a suitable reporting verb and provided an in-text reference detail

Student A did not:
adopt the same sentence structure as the source writer
use the same words as in the original
copy useful pieces of the original text

Student A provided a reference to the source and used a suitable reporting verb: 'Wartick and Wood (1998:103) point out that...' They included a page reference for the original source as well as the author's name and year of publication. Some referencing systems do not insist on the inclusion of a page reference when paraphrasing, while others always recommend the inclusion of one.

Student B's paraphrase also contained a source reference (without a page reference): 'According to Wartick and Wood (1998)...' However, their paraphrase suffered from a number of weaknesses:
• It is too similar to the original text
• The student writer does not try to express the main points in their own words; instead they keep more of the unusual words ('nourished', 'sustain') and simply replace a few other words. This does not make the text any easier to understand.
• Student B tried to keep too much of the original text, including the final sentence about centralisation (which Student A omitted).
• Student B did not link this final sentence with the earlier sentences, so the final sentence does not seem to form part of the argument, creating a 'fragmented' effect (this is typical problem when writers try to use too much of the original text when paraphrasing instead of focusing on reformulating the main idea).

Essay Tips: How to Paraphrase a Direct Quote from a …
How to paraphrase a direct quote from a book or a journal requires three simple ..

ENG 1001: Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing

Note: Some writers tend to overuse quotations from sources instead of using paraphrases or summaries along with the quotations. Direct quotes are the easiest to use, but they are best reserved for one purpose: when you not only like what an author has to say but also think that it is said particularly well, with just the right words and just the right phrasing. Because every writer has his or her own unique writing style, filling your paper with quotations often keeps readers "jumping" from one writing style to another, and this can sometimes make for confusion and can diminish the overall "style" of the writing in the paper. When you paraphrase or summarize, though, you are bringing in the ideas of other writers while still retaining your own unique writing style. Also, paraphrases and summaries usually reflect better on the intellect and understanding of the writer than quotations do. Putting someone else’s ideas into your own words reveals to readers that you understand the ideas well enough to express them in your own way; it shows that you have consulted the experts and have assimilated the knowledge they have to offer.

example of a good thesis Paraphrase Research Paper international business essay mba essays ..

Purdue OWL: Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing

How much of your paper should be composed of quotations, paraphrases or summaries from secondary sources? To some extent, this depends on the individual writer and on the paper’s thesis. In general, though, material from secondary sources should make up no more than twenty percent of your paper.

The The following is a sample essay you can practice quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing) For example, when citing more than secondary and …

Avoiding Plagiarism: Quoting and Paraphrasing

All of the statements represent advantages of paraphrasing

In academic writing, you should avoid using too many direct quotations, because this can have a negative effect on the coherence of your argument. Paraphrase usually blends in more easily with your own argument whereas quotation, particularly if it is overused, can break up the 'flow' of your writing.

Paraphrasing enables you to express a writer's ideas in a clearer, shorter or more suitable way for your own purposes. This allows the ideas to support the argument of your essay rather than distract from it.

Paraphrasing also enables you to express your arguments/ideas more concisely. You may even be able to express more clearly and concisely than the original writer.

Finally, paraphrasing creates the effect of a more impersonal style which is often preferred for academic writing. While your sources may also be academic, even amongst academic writers there are differences in style. It is important that a piece of writing that you produce reflects a fairly uniform style throughout.