The Selected Essays Of John Berger - …
Selected essays of john berger pdf editor
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Selected essays of john berger pdf
4 (Sept. 28) Metaphors We Perceive By
Erving Goffman, (1974) via on-line markets
John Berger, (1972) on-line markets or )
Wittgenstein: Duck/rabbit aspect blindness and "seeing as" from pt 2 (now called "Philosophy of Psychology: A Fragment" from tr. G.E.M. Anscombe:
Lakoff'/Johnson, (Penn only)
A Few Key Points:
Berger: three frames for social interpretations/interrogations of the art work: significance of reproduction (which can be extended to the "textual condition"), significance of the economic role (who owns the work, who consumes it and why, how it circulates); gender/class/race/ethnic/national narrative in the form or reception.
Goffman: what the "event" is (including the art "object") is determined by the frame (often there is more discussion about an event than the event itself; the discussion brings the event into focus); new frames often push out other frames and some frames stick (e.g. "stigma"); frames are cued or keyed; what is out-of-frame is often most significant. Frames are related to ideology (in Althusser's sense) and also "metaphors we live by" and categories: that through which we perceive/value. Compare also Wittgenstein's "seeing as" in Part II of and especially his notion of "aspect blindness" (duck/rabbit).
Extensions: negations of frame (negative dialectics) versus conflict between frames (Blake's contraries) vs dialog (dialectic) among frames vs serial frame (serial poetry).
Does the text frame the interpretation or the interpretation frame the text? Or is a text a work without a frame?
Critic as artist/artist as critic: both critisism and art may engender new frames or context existing frames, or both. (Cf: "Frame Lock" in )
BBC version on YouTube1- "Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction": ; ; ;
2- "The Female Nude": ; Episode 2 2/4: ?; :
3. "Oil Painting": ; ; :;
My poem, "Asylum" is based on Goffman's book of the same title: