This event is known as the Great Schism.

49Keidel, 302. In his fifteenth footnote, Keidel cites the following works as support for this assertion. "Adolph Harnack, History of Dogma, vol. vi, tr. by William McGilchrist, William and Norgue, Covent Garden, London 1899, p. 240; Augustus Neander, General History of the Christian Religion and Church, vol. 4, Boston 1871, pp. 341ff." Keidel then goes on to say, "Other reasons for withdrawing the cup were hygienic and out of fear of disease. It should also be remembered that removal of the cup from the laity enhanced the dignity of the priest at a time in which the Roman Catholic Church was seeking an individuality of its own after the split with the Orthodox Church in 1054." Charles Crawford agrees that there were various reasons for the abandonment of infant communion. He categorizes the factors as hygienic (fear of disease), practical (doctrine of concomitance), and dogmatic (demand for intelligent reception). Crawford, 533-534; Other contributing factors may include the separation of confirmation from the time of baptism (made necessary because Christianity grew rapidly while the number of bishops did not) which encouraged a break down in the three part rite of initiation into the church (baptism, confirmation, eucharist) and the development of the idea of childhood. See Hamilton, 22-25.
50Walker, 274; McLarty, 66; It is not surprising that so many sacramental changes were happening at this time when we realize the fear that the people had of the transubstantiated elements. "A Christian society that has degenerated to such a state that it becomes necessary to legislate that Christians need receive the eucharist once a year is fertile for most anything to take place in the context of baptism and the eucharist. The whole vision of what the eucharist was, and what its relationship was to the community had so changed that the process could take place unresisted, except in those places where tradition was being asserted for political rather than theological is this degeneration... of the sacraments during the middle ages that provided the theological and cultural milieu in which infants and the young could stop receiving the eucharist... We should not be surprised then to find a North German synod, on the eve of the Reformation, declaring that it is unseemly for the laity ever to receive the eucharist." Muller-Fahrenholz, 63-64.

Essay about East-West Schism - 255 Words

1054 AD- East-West Schism divides the church into Eastern Orthodoxy and Western Catholicism

1054 The EastWest Schism Christian History

The Filioque figured prominently in the tumultuous events of 1054, when excommunications were exchanged by representatives of the Eastern and Western Churches meeting in Constantinople. Within the context of his anathemas against Patriarch Michael I Cerularios of Constantinople and certain of his advisors, Cardinal Humbert of Silva Candida, the legate of Pope Leo IX, accused the Byzantines of improperly deleting the Filioque from the Creed, and criticized other Eastern liturgical practices. In responding to these accusations, Patriarch Michael recognized that the anathemas of Humbert did not originate with Leo IX, and cast his own anathemas simply upon the papal delegation. Leo, in fact, was already dead and his successor had not been elected. At the same time, Michael condemned the Western use of the Filioque in the Creed, as well as other Western liturgical practices. This exchange of limited excommunications did not lead, by itself, to a formal schism between Rome and Constan­tinople, despite the views of later historians; it did, however, deepen the growing estrangement between Constantinople and Rome.

The History of Paedocommunion From the Early …

The ecclesiastical controversies, religious upheaval and The Great Western Schism affected these men, Buonaccorso Pitti and Gregorio Dati, both of which were savvy money makers and were forced to conform to the change in society as well as any offices they held.

Series calamities destroyed the improvements of the Middle Ages, calamities ranging from Hundred years of war to Black Death and great schism....
Among them, three deserve special attention: the Great Schism, the Hundred Years War, and the Black Plague....

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Though normally dated to 1054, when Pope Leo IX and Patriarch Michael I excommunicated each other, the East-West Schism was actually the result of an extended period of estrangement between the two Churches.

The East-West Schism, or Great Schism, divided Chalcedonian Christianity into Western (Latin) and Eastern (Greek) branches, ..

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While each of these events were devastating to Europe at the time, the majority of decline in authority and power of the church and pope lie within the anomaly of the Great Western Schism.

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Eastern Orthodox Church - Wikipedia

reduced to catechumen status by the actions of the Lateran Council and the Council of Trent."61 Even though the practice of communicating infants after their baptism began to disappear in the West during the twelfth century, there were still some pockets of the Western Church that continued the tradition up until the time of the Council of Trent in the sixteenth century.62 And even where paedocommunion had ceased, other rites were often substituted "(e.g. the newly baptized were given the ablutions or unconsecrated wine at the mass after their baptism)."63 Also, sometimes the infant was "simply brought to the altar where the words of administration were pronounced but communion was not actually given." Preserved in the East The Eastern Orthodox Church, which finally fully separated from the Western Church in 105465, never went through the "Western" struggles over the doctrine of ----------
61 DeMolen, 51-52.
62"In July, 1562, the Council of Trent considered the matter of children and communion and issued a statement, one of four points on the sacrament, with four anathemas. This fourth point, and all four anathemas, read as follows: IV. Children below the age of reason are not obliged to receive the sacrament of Communion, because at that age they cannot lose grace. However, the opposite custom, which is ancient and preserved in some places, is not to be condemned, because it is doubtless to be believed that it was not done as necessary for salvation but for some other reason. "In conformity with this doctrine four anathemas were read: I. Against whoever says that all the faithful are obliged to receive the Eucharist under both kinds, either by divine command or as necessary for their salvation. II. Against whoever says that the Catholic Church has no good reason or that it has erred in giving the laity and those not celebrating Mass Communion under the form of bread alone. III. Against whoever denies that Christ, fount and author of all grace, is received under the form of bread alone. IV. Against whoever says that the sacrament of the Eucharist is necessary for children below the age of reason. "It is significant that Trent recognized that communion by children was a practice 'ancient and preserved in some places' and 'not to be condemned.'" Rousas John Rushdoony, The Institutes of Biblical Law (The Craig Press, 1976), 849.
63David R. Holeton, "The Communion of Infants and Hussitism," Communio Viatorum, 27:4 (1984), 224.
64David R. Holeton, "The Communion of Infants: The Basel Years," Communio Viatorum, 29:1 (1986), 38.
65"In 1054 ocurred the Great Schism which marked the separation of the Orthodox Church in the East from the Roman Church in the West. The East and West had been growing further apart