New yorker essay by malcolm gladwell / Resume format patent

Confirmation bias seems especially pernicious when it comes to causal studies. Authors such as Malcolm Gladwell have turned confirmation bias into a successful formula for writing best sellers. The trick is to make a claim that something is a necessary condition for something else (A is necessary for B to occur) and then back it up with dozens of entertaining and colorful anecdotes where A happened and then B happened. The problem with this kind of thinking is that it makes no effort to discover cases where B happened but A didn't occur or where A happened and B didn't occur. It may be true, as Gladwell has shown, that many times intuitive thinking is correct or that 10,000 hours of hard work were put in by successful people or that many successful people happened to be in the right place at the right time but that doesn't mean that there is an essential connection between any of these things. What about the many cases where intuition was wrong? What about the many cases where success came to people who put in hardly any work or where failure came to people who put in their 10,000 hours? What about the many people who were in the right place at the right time but still failed to achieve success? (Since 'being in the right place at the right time' is so ambiguous I won't bother to ask about those who were in the right place at the right time but didn't recognized it and failed.)

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In this essay I will use, “Learning to Read and Write” by Fredrick Douglass, “The Lonely, Good Company of Books” by Richard Rodriguez, Outliers by Malcolm Gladwell, and an interview of Patti Read to argue that self motivation and self determination are the most important elements to becoming successful.

Malcolm Gladwell | Biography, Books and Facts

There have been many studies claiming, or implying by their narrative, that a causal connection exists only because they found x followed y. It may be true that one successful company (Malcolm Gladwell in The Tipping Point) or many successful companies (Jim Collins in From Good to Great) followed a similar pattern. But without comparing other companies that either had x but didn't produce y, or produced y but didn't have x, we have no idea whether we're dealing with a causal event or a coincidence. Ignoring or not even trying to find cases that don't fit the pattern makes one's case look far stronger than it really is.[/]

On the other hand, Malcolm Gladwell contends that culture, practice, and luck are the most essential parts of success.
Nov 28, 2008 · Malcolm Gladwell says success depends not only on brains and drive, but on where we come from — and what we do about it.

Malcolm Gladwell asks what happens when underdogs break the rules.

An archive of New Yorker articles by the author and information about his book.

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It's all in English, and heavily slanted toward male writers