The Greek Influence On Rome | Greek Reporter Europe
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The chief argument against Buddhist activity inthe Greek world is the very defective knowledge displayed of anythingthat can be recognized as Buddhist in extant remains of Greek and Romanwriters save in those few who, like Megasthenes,, had visited India orhad met Indian envoys who came to western lands. Megasthenes was theSeleucid agent at the court of Magadha from 301 to 297 B.C., but hiswork on India is known only in citations by Si, 15). In this he isciting Megasthenes. The latter term doubtless means Brahmans, whilstthe former seems to represent Buddhist Frooubt WereBuddhists. Megasthenes' remark that there are Indians who honour Buddhaas a god is interesting as showing that in his days Buddhism wasalready passing out of its primitive stage in which Buddha was simply areligious teacher and was entering the later development in which hewas deified. The,deification of Buddha is usually ascribed to thespread of the principle of or personal devotion to adeity, a principle evolved in the Bragavata religion which penetratedBuddhism about 100 B.C. and led to the representation of Buddha inhuman form, the early images strongly influenced by Greek art,especially in the details of their drapery.
Greek and Roman Influence on Western Civilization Essay
In the Bhabra edict an address to the monasticorder generally, we read of the "conquest by the Law of Piety...won byhis Sacred Majesty inhis own dominions and in all the neighbouringrealms as far as 6,ooo leagues where the Greek king named Antiyaka(Antiochus II) dwells, and north of that Antiyaka, where dwell the fourkings severally named Turamay (Ptolemy), Antigonus (Gonatus), Maga(Magas of Cyrene), and Alexander (of Epirus?), and in the south the(realms of the) Cholas and Pandyas, with Ceylon also: and here, too, inthe king's dominions, amongst the Yonas (Greeks) and Kambojas andPtinkas, amongst the Andhras and the Pulindas, everywhere men followhis Sacred Majesty's instruction in the Law of Piety". On the face ofit this seems to claim missionary enterprise throughout the Greekworld, not necessarily that the princes were converted, but thatgenerally they received Asoka's mission graciously (Senart in (1885),Magas of Cyrene and Alexander of Epirus died about258 B.c., so probably were not alive at the date of this decree.