from "Dear Taxpayer" by Will Manley in , May 1, 1993.

3 Surprising statement: A surprising statement is a favoriteintroductory technique of professional writers. There are manyways a statement can surprise a reader. Sometimes thestatement is surprising because it is disgusting. Sometimes it isjoyful. Sometimes it is shocking. Sometimes it is surprisingbecause of who said it. Sometimes it is surprising because itincludes profanity. Professional writers have honed thistechnique to a fine edge. It is not used as much as the first twopatterns, but it is used.

from "The Tuition Tap" by Tim Lindemuth in , February, 1994.


"Good Writing" and "Process":

However, you may mimic the academic or professional style, tone, or voice of these papers, if you wish. Doing so is not plagiarism but rather experimentation and practice. (You may also quote or paraphrase portions of these papers if you give proper credit in the text and in your bibliography.)

Flow: (2 min. & 21 sec. in length, slide & audio), (4:25)

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Rhetoric, intro to:  (def. & history, slides and audio, 3:27)

ESSAYS, prizewinning: See "" in the

1 Historical review: Some topics are better understood if abrief historical review of the topic is presented to lead intothe discussion of the moment. Such topics might include "abiographical sketch of a war hero," "an upcoming execution of aconvicted criminal," or "drugs and the younger generation."Obviously there are many, many more topics that could beintroduced by reviewing the history of the topic before thewriter gets down to the nitty gritty of his paper. It isimportant that the historical review be brief so that it does nottake over the paper.

Grammar & spelling checkers: See "Ch. 11. ."

These patterns can give a "lift" to your writing. Practicethem. Try using two or three different patternsfor your introductory paragraph and see which introductoryparagraph is best; it's often a delicate matter of tone and of knowing who your audience is. Do not forget, though, that your introductoryparagraph should also include a thesis statement to let your readerknow what your topic is and what you are going to say about thattopic.

Technical writing processes and guidelines:

Videos about Methods of Critical Reading:

2 Anecdotal: An anecdote is a little story. Everyone loves tolisten to stories. Begin a paper by relating a small story thatleads into the topic of your paper. Your story should be a smallepisode, not a full blown story with characters and plot andsetting. Read some of the anecdotes in the special sections such as "Life in These United States" to learnhow to tell small but potent stories. If you do it right, yourstory will capture the reader's interest so that he or she willcontinue to read your paper. One caution: be sure that your storydoes not take over the paper. Remember, it is an introduction,not the paper.

Spelling checkers: See "Ch. 11. ."

Grammar checkers: See "Ch. 11. ."

4 Famous person: People like to know what celebrities say anddo. Dropping the name of a famous person at the beginning of apaper usually gets the reader's attention. It may be somethingthat person said or something he or she did that can be presentedas an interest grabber. You may just mention the famous person'sname to get the reader's interest. The famous person may be deador alive. The famous person may be a good person like the Pope,or he or she may be a bad person like John Wilkes Booth. Ofcourse, bringing up this person's name must be relevant to thetopic. Even though the statement or action may not be readily relevant, a clever writer can convince the reader that it isrelevant.

"Grammarly" not recommended for offline use as a downloaded add-in/software:

Tutor or other helper, finding a: See "."

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