Free Philosophy of Education Essays and Papers
Free Philosophy of Education papers, essays, and research papers.
Even more fertile ground for comment, in recent years, has beenRousseau's proposal for the education of girls, developed in a sectionof the novel (Book V) that bears the name of the young woman who isdestined to be Emile's soul-mate, Sophie. The puzzle has been whyRousseau—who had been so far-sighted in his discussion ofEmile's education—was so hide-bound if not retrograde in histhinking about her education. One short quotation is sufficient toillustrate the problem: “If woman is made to please and to be insubjection to man, she ought to make herself pleasing in his eyes andnot provoke him …her strength is in her charms”(324). Not surprisingly, feminist philosophers of education have beenin the vanguard of the critique of this position (Martin 1985).
Philosophy of Education Essay - 623 Words
Out in the countryside, rather than having a set curriculum that heis forced to follow, Emile learns when some natural stimulus or innateinterest motivates him—and under these conditions learning comeseasily. He is allowed to suffer the natural consequences of hisactions (if he breaks a window, he gets cold; if he takes thegardener's property, the gardener will no longer do him favors), andexperiences such as these lead to the development of his moralsystem. Although Rousseau never intended these educational details tobe taken literally as a blueprint (he saw himself as developing andillustrating the basic principles), over the ages there have beenattempts to implement them, one being the famous British “freeschool”, A.S. Neill's Summerhill (cf. Neill 1960). (It is worthnoting that Neill claimed not to have read Rousseau, but he wasworking in a milieu in which Rousseau's ideas were well-known.)Furthermore, over the ages these principles also have proven to befertile soil for philosophers of education to till.