c. 13,000 BCE by boat and 9,000 BCE by land

The USA prevents nationalization of United Fruit’s investments in , which leads to a generation of brutal rule by Guatemalan juntas. of trying to recolonize Southeast Asia.

Via Siberia-Alaska (15 kya by boat, 11 kya by land)

Sumerian wheat yields decline by 42% between 2400 and 2100 BCE.

in Anatolia, Balkans, or Caucasus.

Monroe was James Madison’s Secretary of State. Monroe led a brutal repression of a slave revolt in 1800. All those slave-owning presidents were highly aware of what had happened in Haiti and wanted no threat that American slaves might actually rise up and free themselves. As governor of Virginia, Monroe refined the system of keeping the slaves suppressed and less likely to revolt. Monroe presided over the Missouri Compromise of 1820, which extended slavery to southern North America as the empire expanded westward. Madison and Jefferson both approved of the measure. Monroe was a Revolutionary War veteran, and he got back into uniform and led American forces during the War of 1812. He became Madison’s Secretary of War after the British burned Washington, D.C. Four of the first five American presidents were land-grabbing, slave-owning empire-builders.

, and Egypt comes under Roman rule the next year.

James Madison, who drafted the Bill of Rights, was president from 1809-1817, and as with Washington and Jefferson, he was another slave-owning, Virginian tobacco plantation owner, and the international embarrassment that those slave-owning presidents were accumulating began weighing heavily on their images, if not their hearts. As with the others, Madison tamely advocated slavery eventually becoming an extinct institution (long after he was gone), and was an early advocate of shipping freed slaves back to Africa. Later in life, he used novel reasoning to support the expansion of slavery to new lands as a way to “dilute” it. He died in 1836, without freeing any of his slaves. Europe began , and most of Europe abolished it before 1820, and the , especially with its many slave-owning presidents.

A village that began with shepherds’ huts becomes the city called Rome.
Etruscan civilization is at its peak influence, to eventually fall to neighboring states.

Europe is gripped by that lasts until 1317.

Scott Ritter was the leading American weapons inspector in Iraq and went public with information that the USA's government would have rather kept quiet. In the June 2000 issue of , Ritter wrote:

Peak of the Greek classic period. , Socrates, Thucydides, and Aristophanes are alive.

, the Azores in 1427, and the Cape Verde Islands in 1450.

In January 1999, American officials admitted what really happened during those so-called UN ("UNSCOM") weapons inspections. American officials admitted that spying on Iraq was an important part of the weapons inspection program. America had "inspectors" install spying devices while they performed their inspections in Iraq for "weapons of mass destruction," partly to gather information to locate and assassinate Saddam Hussein and key Iraqi government officials in America’s 1998 bombing campaign. It was admitted that the bombing campaign did just that and killed important people in Hussein's administration, although it failed to get Hussein himself.

Rome defeats the forces of Carthaginian general Hannibal, ending the second Punic War.

Gutenberg invents printing press in the German city of Mainz.

By 1870, the USA's population tripled from its 1830 population, to 39 million. American xenophobia also began during that time. The natives had been exterminated or removed, African slaves largely accepted their lot, and Anglos dominated, especially in the Eastern Establishment. Immigrants did not get the red carpet treatment, although their horrid living conditions were better than what they left in Europe. American life expectancy was greater than Europe’s early on, as whites plundered such a rich continent. The USA became a relief valve for Europe’s huddled masses. By 1900, the USA had 76 million people in it, nearly all of whom were of European extraction, except for nine million Africans.