Prison Gangs Essay Example - Studentshare

Most researchers describe two primary types of prison gangs, also known as “security threat groups” (STGs). Inmates can import their street gang culture into the prison environment or they can join prison gangs that function mainly inside the prison walls. Entering street gang members may seek to join up with their fellow incarcerated ex-street gang members on the inside. Other entering inmates may join a prison gang because of losing contact with family, friends, or jobs that may have functioned to inhibit street gang membership. These inmates find strength in shared philosophical beliefs, racial or ethnic origins, religious perspectives, or geographical locations advocated by the prison gang. The distinction between street gangs and prison gangs may be misleading, however, because many prison gang members and incarcerated street gang members form alliances, even entering into partnerships to further illegal enterprises within and outside the facility.

Men tend to be more violent in prison than women

Gangs in Prison - Essay Samples

Prison Gangs (Security Threat Groups) | Accurate Essays

Prisons employ identification of gang members, suppression efforts, and programming to control gang activities. Identification may occur during the classification process. Outward signs of gang affiliation, such as brands, tattoos, or other identifiers (e.g., cut eyebrows) are systematically documented. Intake officials also ask about current or prior gang affiliation, not only to ensure institutional safety but also to provide for the safety of the entering inmate. Most prison policies try to restrict mixing of inmates from rival gangs to reduce the possibility of violence related to gang rivalries. This de facto racial segregation may be difficult, however, due to a 2005 U.S. Supreme Court ruling (Johnson v. California) banning the long-term racial segregation of inmates.

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One of the few governmental webpages that is specific to prison gangs. Although limited in the evaluations of prison gangs, this website contains basic information on prevalence of prison gangs and has some images used to distinguish various gang members.

Crouch, Ben M., and James R. Marquart. 1989. An appeal to justice: Litigated reform of Texas prisons. Austin: Univ. of Texas Press.
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Essay on prison gangs - Saffron Palate

This article provided an overview of the development of prison gangs and administrative control policies used to suppress gang activity. This work documented many of the important contributions to the prison gang literature including building tenders, identification of gang members, and the use of security threat group policies.

Prison Gangs essays "Once inside, I was walked through a gauntlet of desperate men

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Contrary to the extensive amount of information available regarding street gangs, there is much less information available regarding prison gangs. Whereas the National Gang Center houses a great deal of information related to street gangs, their behaviors, and evaluations of gang responses, based on their annual surveys of law enforcement agencies, there is no such complementary site for prison gangs. Moreover, there are only a handful of publications that comprehensively review the prison gang literature and make broad statements on the impact prison gangs have on the inmate subculture and prison operations. The book traced the development of the Texas prison reform and documented the emergence of prison gangs. This book demonstrated how the changes in administrative policy that removed the building tender system resulted in the development of prison gangs and increased power granted to those members. does not focus on prison gangs, yet this research synthesized existing gang research and organized the review around what is critical to understanding gang behavior and process: individual, micro, and macro levels of explanation—analogous to studying prison gang members, gang interactions, and prison environment. conducted a national evaluation of state and federal prisons to determine the extent of prison gangs and to evaluate how prison officials identify and control gang members. This research identified approximately 114 gangs with over 12,000 inmates, noting that, membership in the gang was a result of street gang alliances prior to incarceration. Despite only 50 percent of the sample having procedures used to identify prison gangs, the most common suppression techniques were moving or transferring an inmate or using segregation. not only summarized the existing literature on the development of prison gangs, their behaviors in prison, and the interplay between street and prison gangs, but it also related the reliance on penal policy and incarceration with the emergence of prison gangs. Additionally, this research demonstrated how administrative control techniques have changed from informal processes, relying on the building tenders to suppress misconduct, to formal policies, where security threat groups (STGs) are recognized at the state and federal levels. The reliance on jacketing (i.e., the official documentation of membership in a prisoner’s file), segregation, and inmate transfers for suppressing prison gangs is discussed in . This publication also calls for improved data collection strategies regarding prison gangs and increased collaboration between correctional agencies and researchers to aid in reintegration success. See also and .

The gangs are growing and as they multiply in the prisons the more dangerous the facility is

Most Dangerous Prison Gangs In The US - Business Insider

Griffin, Marie L., David C. Pyrooz, and Scott H. Decker. 2013. Surviving and thriving: The growth, influence and administrative control of prison gangs. In Crime and crime reduction: The importance of group processes. Edited by Jane L. Wood and Teresa A. Gannon, 137–156. New York: Routledge.