Functionalism: Sociology Essay – Free Papers and …
Philosophy of Mind The Metaphysics of Consciousness 2nd Edit
It ought to be obvious that phenomenology has a lot to say in thearea called philosophy of mind. Yet the traditions of phenomenology andanalytic philosophy of mind have not been closely joined, despiteoverlapping areas of interest. So it is appropriate to close thissurvey of phenomenology by addressing philosophy of mind, one of themost vigorously debated areas in recent philosophy.
Writing essay introduction 4th edition notes - Wiley philoso
Allied with ethics are political and social philosophy. Sartre andMerleau-Ponty were politically engaged in 1940s Paris, and theirexistential philosophies (phenomenologically based) suggest apolitical theory based in individual freedom. Sartre later sought anexplicit blend of existentialism with Marxism. Still, political theoryhas remained on the borders of phenomenology. Social theory, however,has been closer to phenomenology as such. Husserl analyzed thephenomenological structure of the life-world and Geistgenerally, including our role in social activity. Heidegger stressedsocial practice, which he found more primordial than individualconsciousness. Alfred Schutz developed a phenomenology of the socialworld. Sartre continued the phenomenological appraisal of the meaningof the other, the fundamental social formation. Moving outward fromphenomenological issues, Michel Foucault studied the genesis andmeaning of social institutions, from prisons to insane asylums. AndJacques Derrida has long practiced a kind of phenomenology oflanguage, seeking social meaning in the “deconstruction”of wide-ranging texts. Aspects of French“poststructuralist” theory are sometimes interpreted asbroadly phenomenological, but such issues are beyond the presentpurview.