Camera Lucida: An Optical Illusion for ..
Camera-phone Lucida | The Point Magazine
Prior to Niepce, multiple images were printed from hand carved, engraved, etched, or drawn lithographic stones back to the early 15th century in the West and 2nd century in the East. Drawing with a stylus or ink nib inside a camera obsucra or lucida extends back to the second half on the 16th century, allowing skilled workers to produce "handmade" multiples. Multiple drawings would be traced from the same image projected on the focal plane (paper) of the camera. Their similarity was based on the skill of the draftsperson.
A Mathematician's Apology - Wikipedia
Henry Fox Talbot developed paper-based photographic images (1839) over a six year period from 1833 to 1839. Talbot called them Photogenic Drawings because the technological concept grew out of his drawings using Wollaston's camera lucida at Lake Como. Later they were known as Talbotypes and Calotypes. Talbotypes had drawbacks such as low resolution (oil soaked paper is not as transparent as glass) and the tonal range was narrower than the Daguerreotype.
This essay appears in issue 12 of The Point.
Eventually nobody was using Camera Lucidas, except maybe for scientists, or people in museums, who prefer the interpretive photography drawings that can be made with this device. Many Camera Lucidas available on the market today seem to be from the turn of the last century. There has recently been an increased demand for Camera Lucidas. David Hockney observed that many old mastes (like Ingres) might have used Camera Lucidas to create their stunning, lifelike portraits. Hockney just published a book about his investigation. “Secret Knowledge” also explains other old master techniques. On the cover of the European edition of the book is David Hockney, with a Camera Lucida. The photograph does not really show how one draws with a devicea (the process is a less attractive, almost painful looking), but it shows the proportions of a Camera Lucid like the one I used to draw the lillies here.
Extracts from camera Lucida Lab Report Example | …
William Fox Talbot tried to use one of these devices and became so frustrated that he decided that instead of having the image reflected into his eye, it should be projected onto a surface that could then “remember” the image by itself. Making his interpretation unnecessary. And so he invented photography. As soon a photographic cameras became available, Camera Lucidas must have looked like dinosaurs. (Probably much more than digital photography is now making film look antiquated.)