Child Language Acquisition Nature Or Nurture essay …
Most Anglo-Saxon alliterative phrases havedisappearedfrom our language. One that has survived is ,which is still part of many marriage vows. And an Old Englishpoetcould almost have coined the phrase rest, residue and remainder, aponderousbut poetic expression still found in many wills, as is hold harmless incontracts. Other illustrations are any and all and each and every, both beloved bylawyers. To some extent, this tradition may explain the penchant of theprofessionto concatenate long lists of words joined by and or or, with or withoutalliteration.
The Anglo-Saxons used not only Old English as alegallanguage, but also Latin. Although Latin was introduced toEnglandduring the Roman occupation around the time of Christ, it became amajorforce only after the arrival of Christian missionaries in 597. Beforelong, Latin was the language not only of the church, but of educationandlearning. The association between literacy and the church becamesostrong that the two were almost synonymous. The terms clerk(someonewho can write) and cleric or clergy (priest) derive from the same Latinterm. For centuries, English courts recognized a type of immunity for theclergy;to avoid the gallows, you simply had to read a verse from the Bible(sometimescalled the "neck verse").
Latin was important for English law mainly as thelanguageof court records. The practice of using Latin incasenames (for "against") harks back to these times. English lawyersandjudges were also prone to express sayings or maxims about the law inLatin. An example that has survived is
A later influence on the language of the law wasScandinavianin origin. During the eighth century, Vikings began raiding theEnglishcoast and eventually settled down. The English borrowed fromtheseScandinavians the most important legal word in the English language:theword law itself. Law derives from the Norse word for "lay" andthusmeans "that which is laid down."
A couple of centuries later another group ofScandinavianshad a far more profound and lasting impact on the language of Englishlawyers. These were the Normans, whose name ultimately comes fromnorthman. The Normans were originally Vikings who conquered the region ofNormandyduring the ninth and tenth centuries. In the course of a fewgenerations,the Viking invaders of Normandy became French both culturally andlinguistically;the Northmen had become Normans.
William, Duke of Normandy, claimed the Englishthroneand conquered England in 1066. Before long, the English-speakingrulingclass was largely supplanted by one that spoke Norman French. As(over)statedmuch later by Sir Walter Scott in his novel Ivanhoe: after the NormanConquest,"French was the language of honour, of chivalry, and even of justice,whilethe far more manly and expressive Anglo-Saxon was abandoned to the useofrustics and hinds, who knew no other."
In the beginning, the Normans wrote legal documentsinLatin, not French. Around 1275, however, statutes in French begantoappear. By 1310 almost all acts of Parliament were in thatlanguage. A similar evolution took place with the idiom of the courts. Atleastby the reign of Edward I, towards the end of the thirteenth century,Frenchhad become the language of the royal courts.
Oddly, the use of French in the English legal systemgrewat the very time that its survival as a living language was in seriousquestion. The English historian J.H.
Nature and Nurture in Language Acquisition Essay - …
Essay on language change - English Works
The currents of the Universal Being circulate through me; I am part or particle of God." -Ralph Waldo Emerson, Nature (1836) In his essay, "Nature", Ralph Waldo Emerson describes man's relationship to nature and to God....
The Symbolic Nature of Language Essay Sample
Unlike the behaviourist approach that does not take into consideration the child’s own cognitive processes, the ‘Innateness Hypothesis’ proposed by linguist Noam Chomsky supports the idea that language acquisition has a biological foundation. Facts that support this theory include the following: