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"Certainly," Galileo says, "no one doubts that the Supreme Pontiff has always an absolute power to approve or condemn, but it is not in the power of any created being to make things true or false, for this belongs to their own nature and to the fact." Nature is also revelation of God, he continues, but nature is its own interpreter, and never errs: "For this reason it appears that nothing physical which sense-experience sets before our eyes, or which necessary demonstrations prove to us, ought to be called in question, much less condemned, upon the testimony of Biblical passagesŠ".


In this short essay, I will only focus on three observations and how an Aristotlean reacts to it.

Aristotle and Galileo were two scientists who both studied motiom, ..

At that time the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle was held in very high esteem and many people accepted his ideas without question. However Galileo did not. Aristotle said that if two objects, a heavy one and light one both fall from a height the large one will reach the ground first. According to legend Galileo tested the theory by dropping two different weights from the leaning Tower of Pisa. Both hit the ground at the same time.

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However Galileo's criticism of Aristotle irritated the other staff at the university and in 1592 his contract was not renewed. Instead from 1592 to 1610 Galileo taught at the university of Padua.

Galileo challenged the church’s idea of perfectness and the idea of the Earth being the center of the universe.

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In 1610 Galileo wrote a book called Siderius Nuncius or the Sidereal Messenger. Also that year he was made mathematician and philosopher of the grand duke of Tuscany (at that time Italy was divided into many small states of which Tuscany was one).

Zeno’s Paradoxes | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

As a man of no small ego, and a touch paranoid to boot, he would doubtless enjoy of the veneration in which he is held as astronomer and martyr to reason and science, victim of religious dogmatism and anti-intellectualism. But he would be greatly disturbed by the simple-minded version of his travails that has come down to us through three and a half centuries of myth-making and propaganda. He would want to insist that his argument with the Church was of far, far greater significance than a squabble over whether or not the earth moves, as most of us now suppose it was. The Copernican question had in fact been largely settled in the minds of the better informed Church leaders, including the pope and his chief theologian - not to mention the brilliant Jesuit mathematicians and astronomers of the Collegeo Romano - long before Galileo's epic confrontation with Rome came to a head.

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Essay conflicting ideas aristotle galileo - Yakeemun

According to this theory, no change could ever take place in the heavens, because everything in them was made of a perfect and unalterable substance called the “quintessence.” However, in October 1604, Galileo spotted a supernova and a new star was discovered and proved to be among the fixed stars, disproving Aristotle's theories....

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At an early age, Galileo manifested his ability to learn both mathematical and mechanical types of things, but his parents, wishing to turn him aside from studies which promised no substantial return, steered him toward some sort of medical profession.

Prelude to Galileo: Essays on Medieval and Sixteenth-Century Sources of Galileo's ..

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In the Letter to The Grand Duchess Christina, Galileo implies that science is the means by which G-d meant for humanity to understand scriptural truths....