GALILEO AND ARISTOTLE'S IDEA - WriteWork
Aristotle and Galileo were two scientists who both studied motiom, ..
At that time the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle was held in very high esteem and many people accepted his ideas without question. However Galileo did not. Aristotle said that if two objects, a heavy one and light one both fall from a height the large one will reach the ground first. According to legend Galileo tested the theory by dropping two different weights from the leaning Tower of Pisa. Both hit the ground at the same time.
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However Galileo's criticism of Aristotle irritated the other staff at the university and in 1592 his contract was not renewed. Instead from 1592 to 1610 Galileo taught at the university of Padua.
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In 1610 Galileo wrote a book called Siderius Nuncius or the Sidereal Messenger. Also that year he was made mathematician and philosopher of the grand duke of Tuscany (at that time Italy was divided into many small states of which Tuscany was one).
Zeno’s Paradoxes | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
As a man of no small ego, and a touch paranoid to boot, he would doubtless enjoy of the veneration in which he is held as astronomer and martyr to reason and science, victim of religious dogmatism and anti-intellectualism. But he would be greatly disturbed by the simple-minded version of his travails that has come down to us through three and a half centuries of myth-making and propaganda. He would want to insist that his argument with the Church was of far, far greater significance than a squabble over whether or not the earth moves, as most of us now suppose it was. The Copernican question had in fact been largely settled in the minds of the better informed Church leaders, including the pope and his chief theologian - not to mention the brilliant Jesuit mathematicians and astronomers of the Collegeo Romano - long before Galileo's epic confrontation with Rome came to a head.